It seems that North Carolina is still barring atheists from holding public office (see this Citizen Times article) despite the fact that this is the most obvious violation of the Constitution possible ("no religious test for public office" is pretty unambiguous) and even though our own Herb Silverman fought and won this in the South Carolina courts year ago! Amazing! (Thanks to Matt Dean for pointing this out to me.)
mccorquodale Dec 11 2009
Re: the more things change...
Here's another article on this topic, but this one is a bit more informed. It mentions the history of such abuses, including Herb's case: Yahoo News.